Is Gum Disease (gingivitis) Contagious?

August 30, 2022

Gingivitis is a frequently appearing form of periodontal disease due to bacterial manifestations in the gums. As the name indicates, gingivitis is the inflammatory condition of the gums. One of the frequently asked questions includes, is gingivitis a contagious condition?

It is possible to transmit bacteria or viruses through oral contact from one person to another. This includes sharing the same utensils, kissing, using the same water fountain, etc. But the question remains: Is gingivitis a contagious condition transmitted via oral contact such as kissing?

Is Gingivitis Actually Contagious?

No, gingivitis is not contagious and does not spread like this. The bacteria will travel from one mouth to another, but the emergence of a gum disease totally depends on the individual’s oral hygiene regime. Once you brush and floss them away, your gums cannot come in harm’s way.

Gingivitis Symptoms

Gingivitis may have no signs or symptoms in the beginning. However, some of the early changes when hit with gingivitis include:

  • Swollen red gums.
  • Blood oozing from the gums after brushing or flossing.

If gingivitis is left untreated, it may lead to a more severe version of the issue known as periodontitis, which affects the soft tissues and the bone supporting the teeth.

Symptoms include:

  • Foul breath
  • Unpleasant taste in the mouth, salty or metallic like.
  • Loosening of teeth grip
  • Gum abscess

What Is The Major Cause of Gingivitis?

Commonly, the cause of gingivitis hitting an individual includes gradual plaque buildup. It is a thin film of bacteria that rests on the surface of the teeth and gums. When plaque combines with saliva and food debris left in the mouth, it forms calculus or tartar. Calcified plaque or tartar is hardened plaque huge amount of destructive bacterial accumulation in the mouth.

Once it grows, there is no turning back; and only your local dentist or hygienist can perform its removal.

But, what is the main reason for bacterial load-up?

The answer is, a lack of dental hygiene. Plaque removal is quite easy by brushing your teeth and flossing twice a day or after every meal. However, even with that, make sure to set appointments for your deep dental cleaning at least twice a year.

Diagnosis of Gingivitis

Gingivitis diagnosis is possible after an oral exam from a dentist.

  • Measuring the depth of the pocket space between your gums and teeth.
  • Dental X-ray.
  • Other tests such as blood screening may be recommended in the case underlying conditions are suspected.

Treatment for Gingivitis

  • Mild to moderate gingivitis is treated with proper oral hygiene.
  • Brush and floss your teeth at least 2x daily or after every meal.
  • Take some time out and brush for about 2 minutes.
  • Use fluoride-filled toothpaste.
  • Regular flossing along with a brush.
  • Smoking Cessation.
  • Regular dental check-ups.

In case of severity, dental treatment includes:

  • A professional, deep dental cleaning that includes scaling to remove plaque and tartar.
  • Apart from scaling, root planing also known as debridement- deep cleaning under the gums to eliminate bacteria at the teeth root.
  • Surgery for an infected tooth removal.


If you suspect any symptoms, get in touch with a dentist from Cinco Ranch Family Dentistry. Our dentists will take all the necessary measures to get rid of the issue—dial 281 407 5442 to connect with us.


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