How Different Are Gingivitis and Periodontitis?

August 30, 2023

Having streaks of blood in the sink every time you brush may be an indicator of gum disease initiation. The first stage is known as gingivitis, whereas when it is not cured on time, the condition progresses into a more serious version of the disease known as periodontitis. Although both show up with similar symptoms, there are a few differences. Let’s discuss this in detail.

Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis


It is the beginner level of gum disease that starts when bacteria from your food break down and form plaque, a sticky layer that encapsulates your teeth. They irritate gums and cause pain as well.

Here are signs to look out for:

  • Gum bleeding while brushing or flossing.
  • Tender and swollen gum tissues.
  • Change the color of your gum to red.
  • Halitosis – Bad Breath

The good news is that gingivitis is reversible. With proper care and professional treatment, you can easily treat this condition.


If you do not provide adequate care, gingivitis gets worse and progresses into periodontitis. The symptoms are somewhat the same as gingivitis, but they can get worse:

  • Pain during eating – chewing or biting
  • Teeth loosely hanging.
  • Gaps in teeth.
  • Gums are receding from the line.
  • Pus formation in the gums.

Unfortunately, there is no return once the condition reaches a higher level of periodontitis. You cannot reverse the condition; however, treatment is still possible.

Why Do You Develop Gum Disease?

The main culprit behind this issue is poor oral hygiene. Not taking a keen interest in your teeth cleaning and eating habits can lead to bacteria and plaque accumulation on your teeth and under the gums, resulting in disease.

Treatment Options

Here is a list of what you can do to fight back gingivitis or periodontitis.

  1. Good Oral Hygiene: Yes, you guessed it right. It all starts with adequate brushing and flossing every day. You must keep in mind to gently brush in a circular motion near your gums.
  2. Scaling: This procedure is done in a dental setup when a professional removes plaque and tartar under your gums.
  3. Root Planing: Root planning specifically targets the roots of your teeth. It is a deep cleaning below the gum line.
  4. Bone Grafting: When bacterial invasion damages jaw bones, grafting can help rebuild them.
  5. Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP): This procedure involves injecting one’s blood to reverse severe gum disease’s effects.
  6. Pinhole Surgical Technique: This surgery is like a quick fix for your receding gums. Your gums are taken back to their original position and then sewn back.

Closing Note

If you wish to learn more about the ways you can combat gingivitis and periodontitis, contact professionals from Cinco Ranch Family Dentistry at our dental clinic at 22167 Westheimer Pkwy Unit 110, Katy, TX. 77450. Connect via call at (281) 407-5442.


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